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Gran Turismo (PlayStation)

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''This page is for '''Gran Turismo (PlayStation)'''. For other uses, see [[Gran Turismo (disambiguation)]]''
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{| class="infobox" style="width: 25em; text-align: left; font-size: 95%;"
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|+ style="font-size: larger;" |'''Gran Turismo'''
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| colspan="2" style="text-align:center;" | [[Image:Gran Turismo Cover.jpg|250px]]<br />
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|-
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! Developer
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| [[Polyphony Digital]]
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|-
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! Publisher
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| [[Sony Computer Entertainment]]
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|-
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! Designer
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| Kazunori Yamauchi
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|-
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! Engine
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| Custom
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|-
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! Platorm
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| [[PlayStation]]
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|-
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! Release dates
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| <sup>JP</sup> December 23, 1997<br /><sup>NA</sup> May 12, 1998<br /><sup>EU</sup> May 8, 1998
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|-
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! Genre
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| Racing
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|-
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! Modes
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| Single player<br />2 player (limited)
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|-
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! Ratings
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| ESRB: Everyone
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|-
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! Media
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| CD-ROM
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|-
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! Input Methods
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| Dual Analog
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|-
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| colspan="2" style="font-size: smaller;" |
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|}
   
''This page is for the PlayStation video game. For other uses, see [[Gran Turismo (disambiguation)]]''
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'''''Gran Turismo''''' (commonly abbreviated to '''''GT''''' or '''''GT1''''') is a racing game designed by [[Kazunori Yamauchi]], and the first game in the Gran Turismo series. Gran Turismo was developed by ''[[Polyphony Digital]]'' and first published by ''Sony Computer Entertainment'' in 1997 for the ''PlayStation'' video game console. It was well-received publicly and critically, shipping a total of 10.85 million copies worldwide as of April 30, 2008 and scoring an average of 95% in GameRankings' aggregate. The game has started a series, and to date has spawned over 10 spin-offs and sequels.
{{Infobox/Game
 
|name = Gran Turismo
 
|image = [[File:Gran Turismo Cover.jpg|250px]]
 
|developer = [[Polyphony Digital]]
 
|publisher = [[Sony Computer Entertainment]]
 
|designer = Kazunori Yamauchi
 
|engine = Custom
 
|genre = Racing
 
|modes = Single player<br />2 player (limited)
 
|rating = ESRB: Everyone<br />ELSPA: 3+
 
|platform = [[PlayStation]]
 
|input = Dual Analog
 
|release = <sup>{{flagicon|JPN}}</sup> December 23, 1997<br /><sup>{{flagicon|USA}}</sup> May 12, 1998<br /><sup>{{flagicon|European Union}}</sup> May 8, 1998
 
}}
 
   
'''Gran Turismo''' (commonly abbreviated to '''''GT''''' or '''''GT1''''') is a racing game designed by [[Kazunori Yamauchi]], and the first game in the Gran Turismo series. Gran Turismo was developed by [[Polyphony Digital]] and first published by [[Sony Computer Entertainment]] in 1997 for the [[PlayStation]] video game console. It was well-received publicly and critically, shipping a total of 10.85 million copies worldwide as of April 30, 2008 and scoring an average of 95% in GameRankings' aggregate score. The game has started a franchise, and to date has spawned over 10 spin-offs and sequels.
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== Development ==
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The first time [[Kazunori Yamauchi]] requested to make this game, the higher up people did not allow him to. Instead, he made two other games: Motor Toon Grand Prix and Motor Toon Grand Prix 2. He was the main designer for both games and it allowed him to change each car's physics and experiment with the racing dynamics as a whole. He then requested to start Gran Turismo. The higher up at Polyphony Digital allowed him to make it. He then began development on his dream game.
==Gameplay==
 
Gran Turismo is fundamentally based on the racing game genre. The player must maneuver an automobile to compete against artificially intelligent drivers on various race tracks. The game uses two different modes: [[Gran Turismo (PlayStation) Arcade Mode|Arcade Mode]] and Simulation (or GT) Mode. In Arcade Mode, the player can choose a car and track from the available selection and start a race against AI opponents, where winning races on different tracks and in different vehicle classes will unlock more cars to use and more tracks to race on.
 
 
However, Simulation Mode requires the player to earn progressively more difficult levels of driver's licenses in order to qualify for events, and earn credits, trophies, and prize cars by winning race championships. Winning one particular championship also unlocks a video and a few additional demonstration tracks. Credits earned by winning championships can be used to purchase additional vehicles, and for parts and tuning of all vehicles.
 
 
Officially there are 180 cars, however, two cars from the Japanese version, the Honda CR-X del Sol SiR and VGi '95, were both removed from the American and European versions. They are accessible in the American version via a cheat device, along with the Arcade Mode-only [[Chevrolet Corvette Stingray (C2) '67|1967 Corvette Stingray]] and [[Mazda MX-5 1.8 RS (NB, J) '98|1998 Mazda MX-5 1.8 RS]].
 
 
==Development==
 
The first time [[Kazunori Yamauchi]] requested to develop this game, under the working title ''Test Drive'', he was denied approval. Instead, he was asked to focus on producing two other games: [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motor_Toon_Grand_Prix| Motor Toon Grand Prix] and [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motor_Toon_Grand_Prix_2| Motor Toon Grand Prix 2]. He was the lead designer for both games and it allowed him to learn how to apply vehicle physics, create vehicle textures, and experiment with racing dynamics. After these two games were completed, he then again requested to start a new series. The board of directors, impressed by the success of the ''Motor Toon'' series, approved this request.
 
   
 
==Cars==
 
==Cars==
''Main article: [[Gran Turismo (PlayStation)/Car List]]''
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Here is [[Gran Turismo Car List|Gran Turismo's car list]]. This list contains all of the cars in the game.
   
There are nearly 180 cars included in the titular game, see the main article for a compiled list of these cars.
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== Tracks ==
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Here is a list of the tracks available in Gran Turismo. There are no real world circuits in this game, only ones made up by Polyphony Digital. Some may have been based on real world locations though.
==Race Tracks==
 
''Main article: [[Gran Turismo (PlayStation)/Track List]]''
 
 
There are 11 courses featured in ''Gran Turismo'', they are:
 
   
 
*[[Autumn Ring]]
 
*[[Autumn Ring]]
 
*[[Autumn Ring Mini]]
 
*[[Autumn Ring Mini]]
 
*[[Clubman Stage Route 5]]
 
*[[Clubman Stage Route 5]]
*[[Deep Forest Raceway]]
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*[[Deep Forest]]
 
*[[Grand Valley Speedway]]
 
*[[Grand Valley Speedway]]
 
*[[Grand Valley East]]
 
*[[Grand Valley East]]
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*[[Special Stage Route 5]]
 
*[[Special Stage Route 5]]
 
*[[Special Stage Route 11]]
 
*[[Special Stage Route 11]]
*[[Test Course]]
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*[[Driving Park#Test Course|Test Course]]
 
*[[Trial Mountain]]
 
*[[Trial Mountain]]
   
All of these tracks, with the exception of Test Course, can be raced in the reverse direction. The Clubman Stage Route 5, Special Stage Route 5 and Route 11 courses can also be driven in time trial style in a special "[[GT HiFi]]" high-definition mode that is unlocked by completing the [[Gran Turismo World Cup (GT1)|GT World Cup]].
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All of these tracks, with the exception of the Test Course, can be raced in the reverse direction. The Route 5 and 11 courses can also be raced in a time trial in a special "GT HiFi" high definition mode that is unlocked by completing the GT World Championship.
   
==Audio==
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== Gameplay ==
{{Main|Music of the Gran Turismo series}}
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Gran Turismo is fundamentally based on the racing game genre. The player must maneuver an automobile to compete against artificially intelligent drivers on various race tracks. The game uses two different modes: arcade and simulation. In the arcade mode, the player can freely choose the courses and vehicles they wish to use. Winning races unlocks additional cars and courses.
The Japanese version sports an original soundtrack by '''Masahiro Andoh''' (guitarist and lead composer of renowned jazz-fusion band T-Square) and '''Isamu Ohira'''. The opening song, "Moon Over The Castle", is often considered the main theme for the series, returning as the opening theme for the Japanese versions of every subsequent game in the main series.
 
   
The US and European releases, in contrast, use a selection of licensed rock and electronica songs. Their opening song is "Everything Must Go" by the '''Manic Street Preachers''' remixed by the '''Chemical Brothers'''. Other artists featured include Garbage, David Bowie, Blur, Placebo, and Supergrass, among others.
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However, simulation mode requires the player to earn different levels of driver's licenses in order to qualify for events, and earn credits (money), trophies and prize cars by winning race championships. Winning one particular championship also unlocks a video and a few additional demonstration tracks. Money earned by winning championships can be used to purchase additional vehicles, and for parts and tuning of all vehicles.
   
==Limited Edition==
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Gran Turismo features 178 cars and 11 race tracks. Unofficially there are 180 cars, but two cars from the Japanese version, the Honda CR-X del Sol SiR and VGi '95, were both cut from the American and European versions. They are accessible on the American version via Gameshark, along with the arcade mode-only Chevrolet Corvette '67 and Mazda Roadster RS '98.
Gran Turismo was also released in a Limited Edition version, which were serial numbered on the bottom left corner. It is unknown how many of these Limited Edition copies were shipped, but all of them were sold in Japan. The packaging included a User Manual, a Reference Manual, a miniature drag-racing Christmas Tree (the seven-lamp countdown timer used at the start of a drag race) albeit with no lamps and stamped with the GT logo, and a unique disc case.
 
   
==Sequels==
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==Audio==
===Main Games===
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The opening song for the US and European versions is a ''Chemical Brothers'' remix of the ''Manic Street Preachers'' song ''"Everything Must Go"''.
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
|-
 
!Game Title
 
!Year Released
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 2]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |1999
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 3: A-Spec]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2001
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 4]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2005
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 5]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2010
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 6]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2013
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo Sport]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2017
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 7]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |TBA
 
|}
 
 
===Spin-Offs and Concepts===
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
|-
 
!Game Title
 
!Year Released
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 2000]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2000
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo Concept]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2002
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 4 Prologue]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2004
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 4 Online]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2006<ref>Japan and South Korea only</ref>
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo HD Concept]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2006
 
|-
 
|[[Tourist Trophy (PlayStation 2)|Tourist Trophy]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2006
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo 5 Prologue]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2008
 
|-
 
|[[Gran Turismo (PlayStation Portable game)|Gran Turismo PSP]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2009
 
|}
 
 
==Trivia==
 
*This is the only game in the Gran Turismo series where there is more than one special color available on a single model.
 
*In the PAL and NTSC-U versions of the game, The rules of [[Racing Modifications|racing modifications]] are different. The player can perform racing modifications on the cars directly and weight reduction will be included, but in the NTSC-J Version, the player must reduce the car's weight through all three stages before being able to perform the modifications. In [[Gran Turismo 2]], the rule of performing weight reduction first now applies in all versions.
 
   
==Videos==
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The game itself had a somewhat limited selection of songs. These include 'Lose Control' by Ash From the album 1977, 4 songs from the Swim era of Feeder (Chicken On A Bone Reworked instrumental, Shade Instrumental, Tangerine Instrumental, Sweet 16), 'As Heaven is Wide' by Garbage, 'Oxyacetalene', 'Skeletal', 'Autonomy', and 'Industry' by Cubanate. The opening song for the Japanese version is Moon Over The Castle; this song was in all of the Japanese versions of Gran Turismo.
<gallery hideaddbutton=true>
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== Sequels ==
File:Gran Turismo 1 - Trial Version Opening (unused)|The unused original opening movie, taken from the Gran Turismo Trial Version featured in Volume 8 of the Japanese video game magazine ''Pure Pure''
 
File:Gran Turismo 1 ps1 japan intro|The Japanese version intro movie
 
File:Gran Turismo 1 Intro|The European/American version intro movie
 
</gallery>
 
   
==Notes==
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[[Gran Turismo 2]] was released in 1999; [[Gran Turismo 3: A-Spec]] was released in 2001; [[Gran Turismo 4 Prologue]] was released in 2004; [[Gran Turismo 4]] was released in 2005; [[Gran Turismo 5 Prologue]] was released in 2007, and [[Gran Turismo 5]] was released in 2010. All the games of the series use a built-in engine.
<references/>
 
   
 
{{Games}}
 
{{Games}}
 
{{wikipedia}}
 
{{wikipedia}}
{{DISPLAYTITLE:Gran Turismo}}
 
[[Category:PlayStation games]]
 
[[Category:1990s games]]
 
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