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''This page is for '''Gran Turismo (PlayStation)'''. For other uses, see [[Gran Turismo (disambiguation)]]''
 
{| class="infobox" style="width: 25em; text-align: left; font-size: 95%;"
 
|+ style="font-size: larger;" |'''Gran Turismo'''
 
| colspan="2" style="text-align:center;" | [[Image:Gran Turismo Cover.jpg|250px]]<br />
 
|-
 
! Developer
 
| [[Polyphony Digital]]
 
|-
 
! Publisher
 
| [[Sony Computer Entertainment]]
 
|-
 
! Designer
 
| Kazunori Yamauchi
 
|-
 
! Engine
 
| Custom
 
|-
 
! Platorm
 
| [[PlayStation]]
 
|-
 
! Release dates
 
| <sup>JP</sup> December 23, 1997<br /><sup>NA</sup> May 12, 1998<br /><sup>EU</sup> May 8, 1998
 
|-
 
! Genre
 
| Racing
 
|-
 
! Modes
 
| Single player<br />2 player (limited)
 
|-
 
! Ratings
 
| ESRB: Everyone
 
|-
 
! Media
 
| CD-ROM
 
|-
 
! Input Methods
 
| Dual Analog
 
|-
 
| colspan="2" style="font-size: smaller;" |
 
|}
 
   
'''''Gran Turismo''''' (commonly abbreviated to '''''GT''''' or '''''GT1''''') is a racing game designed by [[Kazunori Yamauchi]], and the first game in the Gran Turismo series. Gran Turismo was developed by ''[[Polyphony Digital]]'' and first published by ''Sony Computer Entertainment'' in 1997 for the ''PlayStation'' video game console. It was well-received publicly and critically, shipping a total of 10.85 million copies worldwide as of April 30, 2008 and scoring an average of 95% in GameRankings' aggregate. The game has started a series, and to date has spawned over 10 spin-offs and sequels.
+
''This page is for the PlayStation video game. For other uses, see [[Gran Turismo (disambiguation)]]''
  +
{{Infobox/Game
  +
|name = Gran Turismo
  +
|image = [[File:Gran Turismo Cover.jpg|250px]]
  +
|developer = [[Polyphony Digital]]
  +
|publisher = [[Sony Computer Entertainment]]
  +
|designer = Kazunori Yamauchi
  +
|engine = Custom
  +
|genre = Racing
  +
|modes = Single player<br />2 player (limited)
  +
|rating = ESRB: Everyone<br />ELSPA: 3+
  +
|platform = [[PlayStation]]
  +
|input = Dual Analog
  +
|release = <sup>{{flagicon|JPN}}</sup> December 23, 1997<br /><sup>{{flagicon|USA}}</sup> May 12, 1998<br /><sup>{{flagicon|European Union}}</sup> May 8, 1998
  +
}}
   
== Development ==
+
'''Gran Turismo''' (commonly abbreviated to '''''GT''''' or '''''GT1''''') is a racing game designed by [[Kazunori Yamauchi]], and the first game in the Gran Turismo series. Gran Turismo was developed by [[Polyphony Digital]] and first published by [[Sony Computer Entertainment]] in 1997 for the [[PlayStation]] video game console. It was well-received publicly and critically, shipping a total of 10.85 million copies worldwide as of April 30, 2008 and scoring an average of 95% in GameRankings' aggregate score. The game has started a franchise, and to date has spawned over 10 spin-offs and sequels.
The first time [[Kazunori Yamauchi]] requested to make this game, the higher up people did not allow him to. Instead, he made two other games: Motor Toon Grand Prix and Motor Toon Grand Prix 2. He was the main designer for both games and it allowed him to change each car's physics and experiment with the racing dynamics as a whole. He then requested to start Gran Turismo. The higher up at Polyphony Digital allowed him to make it. He then began development on his dream game.
+
  +
==Gameplay==
  +
Gran Turismo is fundamentally based on the racing game genre. The player must maneuver an automobile to compete against artificially intelligent drivers on various race tracks. The game uses two different modes: [[Gran Turismo (PlayStation) Arcade Mode|Arcade Mode]] and Simulation (or GT) Mode. In Arcade Mode, the player can choose a car and track from the available selection and start a race against AI opponents, where winning races on different tracks and in different vehicle classes will unlock more cars to use and more tracks to race on.
  +
  +
However, Simulation Mode requires the player to earn progressively more difficult levels of driver's licenses in order to qualify for events, and earn credits, trophies, and prize cars by winning race championships. Winning one particular championship also unlocks a video and a few additional demonstration tracks. Credits earned by winning championships can be used to purchase additional vehicles, and for parts and tuning of all vehicles.
  +
  +
Officially there are 180 cars, however, two cars from the Japanese version, the Honda CR-X del Sol SiR and VGi '95, were both removed from the American and European versions. They are accessible in the American version via a cheat device, along with the Arcade Mode-only [[Chevrolet Corvette Stingray (C2) '67|1967 Corvette Stingray]] and [[Mazda MX-5 1.8 RS (NB, J) '98|1998 Mazda MX-5 1.8 RS]].
  +
  +
==Development==
  +
The first time [[Kazunori Yamauchi]] requested to develop this game, under the working title ''Test Drive'', he was denied approval. Instead, he was asked to focus on producing two other games: [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motor_Toon_Grand_Prix| Motor Toon Grand Prix] and [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motor_Toon_Grand_Prix_2| Motor Toon Grand Prix 2]. He was the lead designer for both games and it allowed him to learn how to apply vehicle physics, create vehicle textures, and experiment with racing dynamics. After these two games were completed, he then again requested to start a new series. The board of directors, impressed by the success of the ''Motor Toon'' series, approved this request.
   
 
==Cars==
 
==Cars==
Here is [[Gran Turismo Car List|Gran Turismo's car list]]. This list contains all of the cars in the game.
+
''Main article: [[Gran Turismo (PlayStation)/Car List]]''
   
== Tracks ==
+
There are nearly 180 cars included in the titular game, see the main article for a compiled list of these cars.
Here is a list of the tracks available in Gran Turismo. There are no real world circuits in this game, only ones made up by Polyphony Digital. Some may have been based on real world locations though.
+
  +
==Race Tracks==
  +
''Main article: [[Gran Turismo (PlayStation)/Track List]]''
  +
  +
There are 11 courses featured in ''Gran Turismo'', they are:
   
 
*[[Autumn Ring]]
 
*[[Autumn Ring]]
 
*[[Autumn Ring Mini]]
 
*[[Autumn Ring Mini]]
 
*[[Clubman Stage Route 5]]
 
*[[Clubman Stage Route 5]]
*[[Deep Forest]]
+
*[[Deep Forest Raceway]]
 
*[[Grand Valley Speedway]]
 
*[[Grand Valley Speedway]]
 
*[[Grand Valley East]]
 
*[[Grand Valley East]]
Line 62: Line 20:
 
*[[Special Stage Route 5]]
 
*[[Special Stage Route 5]]
 
*[[Special Stage Route 11]]
 
*[[Special Stage Route 11]]
*[[Driving Park#Test Course|Test Course]]
+
*[[Test Course]]
 
*[[Trial Mountain]]
 
*[[Trial Mountain]]
   
All of these tracks, with the exception of the Test Course, can be raced in the reverse direction. The Route 5 and 11 courses can also be raced in a time trial in a special "GT HiFi" high definition mode that is unlocked by completing the GT World Championship.
+
All of these tracks, with the exception of Test Course, can be raced in the reverse direction. The Clubman Stage Route 5, Special Stage Route 5 and Route 11 courses can also be driven in time trial style in a special "[[GT HiFi]]" high-definition mode that is unlocked by completing the [[Gran Turismo World Cup (GT1)|GT World Cup]].
   
== Gameplay ==
+
==Audio==
Gran Turismo is fundamentally based on the racing game genre. The player must maneuver an automobile to compete against artificially intelligent drivers on various race tracks. The game uses two different modes: arcade and simulation. In the arcade mode, the player can freely choose the courses and vehicles they wish to use. Winning races unlocks additional cars and courses.
+
{{Main|Music of the Gran Turismo series}}
  +
The Japanese version sports an original soundtrack by '''Masahiro Andoh''' (guitarist and lead composer of renowned jazz-fusion band T-Square) and '''Isamu Ohira'''. The opening song, "Moon Over The Castle", is often considered the main theme for the series, returning as the opening theme for the Japanese versions of every subsequent game in the main series.
   
However, simulation mode requires the player to earn different levels of driver's licenses in order to qualify for events, and earn credits (money), trophies and prize cars by winning race championships. Winning one particular championship also unlocks a video and a few additional demonstration tracks. Money earned by winning championships can be used to purchase additional vehicles, and for parts and tuning of all vehicles.
+
The US and European releases, in contrast, use a selection of licensed rock and electronica songs. Their opening song is "Everything Must Go" by the '''Manic Street Preachers''' remixed by the '''Chemical Brothers'''. Other artists featured include Garbage, David Bowie, Blur, Placebo, and Supergrass, among others.
   
Gran Turismo features 178 cars and 11 race tracks. Unofficially there are 180 cars, but two cars from the Japanese version, the Honda CR-X del Sol SiR and VGi '95, were both cut from the American and European versions. They are accessible on the American version via Gameshark, along with the arcade mode-only Chevrolet Corvette '67 and Mazda Roadster RS '98.
+
==Limited Edition==
  +
Gran Turismo was also released in a Limited Edition version, which were serial numbered on the bottom left corner. It is unknown how many of these Limited Edition copies were shipped, but all of them were sold in Japan. The packaging included a User Manual, a Reference Manual, a miniature drag-racing Christmas Tree (the seven-lamp countdown timer used at the start of a drag race) albeit with no lamps and stamped with the GT logo, and a unique disc case.
   
==Audio==
+
==Sequels==
The opening song for the US and European versions is a ''Chemical Brothers'' remix of the ''Manic Street Preachers'' song ''"Everything Must Go"''.
+
===Main Games===
  +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
  +
|-
  +
!Game Title
  +
!Year Released
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 2]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |1999
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 3: A-Spec]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2001
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 4]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2005
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 5]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2010
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 6]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2013
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo Sport]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2017
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 7]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |TBA
  +
|}
  +
  +
===Spin-Offs and Concepts===
  +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
  +
|-
  +
!Game Title
  +
!Year Released
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 2000]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2000
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo Concept]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2002
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 4 Prologue]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2004
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 4 Online]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2006<ref>Japan and South Korea only</ref>
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo HD Concept]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2006
  +
|-
  +
|[[Tourist Trophy (PlayStation 2)|Tourist Trophy]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2006
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo 5 Prologue]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2008
  +
|-
  +
|[[Gran Turismo (PlayStation Portable game)|Gran Turismo PSP]]||+ style="text-align: center;" |2009
  +
|}
   
The game itself had a somewhat limited selection of songs. These include 'Lose Control' by Ash From the album 1977, 4 songs from the Swim era of Feeder (Chicken On A Bone Reworked instrumental, Shade Instrumental, Tangerine Instrumental, Sweet 16), 'As Heaven is Wide' by Garbage, 'Oxyacetalene', 'Skeletal', 'Autonomy', 'Industry' by Cubanate, and 'High' by TMF (exclusive GT mix of '5 Miles High'). The opening song for the Japanese version is Moon Over The Castle; this song was in all of the Japanese versions of Gran Turismo and is the "mascot" for the series; GT Veterans have usually forgotten their playtime with the series after many years, however they are reminded of it with this song. It is the legendary opening song for GT2, GT3 and GT4.
+
==Trivia==
  +
*This is the only game in the Gran Turismo series where there is more than one special color available on a single model.
  +
*In the PAL and NTSC-U versions of the game, The rules of [[Racing Modifications|racing modifications]] are different. The player can perform racing modifications on the cars directly and weight reduction will be included, but in the NTSC-J Version, the player must reduce the car's weight through all three stages before being able to perform the modifications. In [[Gran Turismo 2]], the rule of performing weight reduction first now applies in all versions.
   
== Sequels ==
+
==Videos==
  +
<gallery hideaddbutton=true>
  +
File:Gran Turismo 1 - Trial Version Opening (unused)|The unused original opening movie, taken from the Gran Turismo Trial Version featured in Volume 8 of the Japanese video game magazine ''Pure Pure''
  +
File:Gran Turismo 1 ps1 japan intro|The Japanese version intro movie
  +
File:Gran Turismo 1 Intro|The European/American version intro movie
  +
</gallery>
   
[[Gran Turismo 2]] was released in 1999; [[Gran Turismo 3: A-Spec]] was released in 2001; [[Gran Turismo 4 Prologue]] was released in 2004; [[Gran Turismo 4]] was released in 2005; [[Gran Turismo 5 Prologue]] was released in 2007, and [[Gran Turismo 5]] was released in 2010. [[Gran Turismo 6]] will be released on the 6th of December 2013 (5th in Asia). All the games of the series use a built-in engine.
+
==Notes==
  +
<references/>
   
 
{{Games}}
 
{{Games}}
 
{{wikipedia}}
 
{{wikipedia}}
[[Category:Pages to add a talk page to (temp)]]
+
{{DISPLAYTITLE:Gran Turismo}}
  +
[[Category:PlayStation games]]
  +
[[Category:1990s games]]

Latest revision as of 01:03, January 17, 2020

This page is for the PlayStation video game. For other uses, see Gran Turismo (disambiguation)

Gran Turismo
Gran Turismo Cover
Developer(s) Polyphony Digital
Publisher Sony Computer Entertainment
Designed by Kazunori Yamauchi
Engine Custom
Genre Racing
Modes Single player
2 player (limited)
Rating ESRB: Everyone
ELSPA: 3+
Platform PlayStation
Input Dual Analog
Release date Flag of Japan December 23, 1997
Flag of USA May 12, 1998
EU lgflag May 8, 1998

Gran Turismo (commonly abbreviated to GT or GT1) is a racing game designed by Kazunori Yamauchi, and the first game in the Gran Turismo series. Gran Turismo was developed by Polyphony Digital and first published by Sony Computer Entertainment in 1997 for the PlayStation video game console. It was well-received publicly and critically, shipping a total of 10.85 million copies worldwide as of April 30, 2008 and scoring an average of 95% in GameRankings' aggregate score. The game has started a franchise, and to date has spawned over 10 spin-offs and sequels.

GameplayEdit

Gran Turismo is fundamentally based on the racing game genre. The player must maneuver an automobile to compete against artificially intelligent drivers on various race tracks. The game uses two different modes: Arcade Mode and Simulation (or GT) Mode. In Arcade Mode, the player can choose a car and track from the available selection and start a race against AI opponents, where winning races on different tracks and in different vehicle classes will unlock more cars to use and more tracks to race on.

However, Simulation Mode requires the player to earn progressively more difficult levels of driver's licenses in order to qualify for events, and earn credits, trophies, and prize cars by winning race championships. Winning one particular championship also unlocks a video and a few additional demonstration tracks. Credits earned by winning championships can be used to purchase additional vehicles, and for parts and tuning of all vehicles.

Officially there are 180 cars, however, two cars from the Japanese version, the Honda CR-X del Sol SiR and VGi '95, were both removed from the American and European versions. They are accessible in the American version via a cheat device, along with the Arcade Mode-only 1967 Corvette Stingray and 1998 Mazda MX-5 1.8 RS.

DevelopmentEdit

The first time Kazunori Yamauchi requested to develop this game, under the working title Test Drive, he was denied approval. Instead, he was asked to focus on producing two other games: Motor Toon Grand Prix and Motor Toon Grand Prix 2. He was the lead designer for both games and it allowed him to learn how to apply vehicle physics, create vehicle textures, and experiment with racing dynamics. After these two games were completed, he then again requested to start a new series. The board of directors, impressed by the success of the Motor Toon series, approved this request.

CarsEdit

Main article: Gran Turismo (PlayStation)/Car List

There are nearly 180 cars included in the titular game, see the main article for a compiled list of these cars.

Race TracksEdit

Main article: Gran Turismo (PlayStation)/Track List

There are 11 courses featured in Gran Turismo, they are:

All of these tracks, with the exception of Test Course, can be raced in the reverse direction. The Clubman Stage Route 5, Special Stage Route 5 and Route 11 courses can also be driven in time trial style in a special "GT HiFi" high-definition mode that is unlocked by completing the GT World Cup.

AudioEdit

Main article: Music of the Gran Turismo series

The Japanese version sports an original soundtrack by Masahiro Andoh (guitarist and lead composer of renowned jazz-fusion band T-Square) and Isamu Ohira. The opening song, "Moon Over The Castle", is often considered the main theme for the series, returning as the opening theme for the Japanese versions of every subsequent game in the main series.

The US and European releases, in contrast, use a selection of licensed rock and electronica songs. Their opening song is "Everything Must Go" by the Manic Street Preachers remixed by the Chemical Brothers. Other artists featured include Garbage, David Bowie, Blur, Placebo, and Supergrass, among others.

Limited EditionEdit

Gran Turismo was also released in a Limited Edition version, which were serial numbered on the bottom left corner. It is unknown how many of these Limited Edition copies were shipped, but all of them were sold in Japan. The packaging included a User Manual, a Reference Manual, a miniature drag-racing Christmas Tree (the seven-lamp countdown timer used at the start of a drag race) albeit with no lamps and stamped with the GT logo, and a unique disc case.

SequelsEdit

Main GamesEdit

Game Title Year Released
Gran Turismo 21999
Gran Turismo 3: A-Spec2001
Gran Turismo 42005
Gran Turismo 52010
Gran Turismo 62013
Gran Turismo Sport2017
Gran Turismo 7TBA

Spin-Offs and ConceptsEdit

Game Title Year Released
Gran Turismo 20002000
Gran Turismo Concept2002
Gran Turismo 4 Prologue2004
Gran Turismo 4 Online2006[1]
Gran Turismo HD Concept2006
Tourist Trophy2006
Gran Turismo 5 Prologue2008
Gran Turismo PSP2009

TriviaEdit

  • This is the only game in the Gran Turismo series where there is more than one special color available on a single model.
  • In the PAL and NTSC-U versions of the game, The rules of racing modifications are different. The player can perform racing modifications on the cars directly and weight reduction will be included, but in the NTSC-J Version, the player must reduce the car's weight through all three stages before being able to perform the modifications. In Gran Turismo 2, the rule of performing weight reduction first now applies in all versions.

VideosEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Japan and South Korea only
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